Battle, 20, was booked into the Washington County Jail at 11:12 p.m. Wednesday and released 90 minutes later after posting a $630 bond.
A university officer responded to a parking lot on West Maple Street and Garland Avenue after Battle and another student got into an argument, according to Gary Crain, public information officer for the University of Arkansas Police Department.
Crain said the officer ran a check on Battle and the other student, and it came back that a warrant had been issued for the linebacker's arrest.
According to Crain, Battle had a careless driving ticket that he had not resolved. He was arrested at 10:06 p.m. Wednesday and is scheduled to appear in Fayetteville District Court on June 15.
Arkansas coach Bobby Petrino was unavailable for comment Thursday and didn't issue a statement through the school's athletic department.
Battle played in 10 games last season as a backup safety, recording five tackles. He entered spring practice listed as the No. 2 middle linebacker behind senior Wendel Davis on Arkansas' depth chart.
Battle is the third Razorbacks player to be arrested in the past three months. Starting quarterback Ryan Mallett was arrested for public intoxication outside the Dickson Street Theater on March 1.
Linebacker Ryan Powers was arrested for shoplifting on March 11 after Fayetteville police said he tried leaving a local Walmart store with sleep medication and other small items stuffed in his pockets.