Indiana received 58 first-place votes while Florida received seven.
The No. 2 ranking is the highest for the Florida program since it ended the 2006-2007 season ranked No. 1 after its second consecutive national championship.
The Gators continue to block out the rankings while focusing on what they can do to get better.
"It just means we're on the right track," said Florida center Patric Young, who recorded his first double-double in SEC play on Saturday against Ole Miss. "We just need to keep improving. We can't take any game for granted. We can't lose any games right now.
"We have all the characteristics to be a good national championship contender."
Missouri came in at No. 20 in the Coaches' Poll and No. 21 in the Associated Press Poll. Ole Miss came in at No. 23 in the Coaches' Poll and unranked in the AP Poll. No other SEC team was ranked.